The Apostille is a validation stamp ensuring that a certain document is recognized in certain foreign countries [countries that signed The Hague Convention treaty].
Basically, a document is only valid in the country in which it was issued. Validation for recognition in another country used to be a very complicated and time-consuming matter and involved, in hierarchical order, several authorities of the issuing country, and, as a final step, validation by the Consulate of the country, in which the document was to be recognized.
In order the facilitate recognition of a document abroad, an international treaty regarding mutual recognition of documents was signed by many countries, including the India, U.S. and Spain.
This treaty is called The Hague Convention.
According to this treaty a document originating in one Convention country is recognized in all other Convention countries if it bears the so-called Apostille stamp, which is a validation performed bythe superior office in the country and state where it was issued. In India Ministry of External Affairsprovide the Apostille.
Neither the Consulate nor the Embassy is authorized to provide apostilles or assist in obtaining them. If you have a document which needs an apostille, you should contact the SPS Universal Services.
The Apostille came to be because of the need to have a standardised legalisation procedure between the countries who are part of